Dr. Howaida Moawad Ahmed Ali
Background: Colostomy is a frequent surgical intervention in infants that is known as a life-saving operation for anorectal malformation and Hirschsprung's disease. This necessitates providing parents with all of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes they need to care for their infant.
Methodology: A quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-tests to evaluate the effectiveness of video-based and digital booklets in enhancing parents' knowledge, skills, and attitude towards the care of infants with colostomies via guided program.
Setting: The Pediatric Surgery inward and out clinic is located in the Specialized Hospital for Children in Benha City, Egypt.
Sample: A non-probability convenience sampling method to select two groups of one hundred parents each, with intent of ensuring equivalence between the groups.
Instruments: A structured interviewing questionnaire sheet to capture demographic characteristics of parents and infant, as well as a stoma assessment scale, a colostomy care knowledge sheet, an observation checklist for skills of colostomy care, and a Likert scale for attitude comparison pre and post intervention.
Results: There was a significant difference in the level of knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the parents pre and post the guided program's implementation, with the video-based group having a hundred percent for skills performance compared to the digital booklet group's hundred percent for knowledge and ninety seven percent for positive attitude.
Conclusion: The implementation of a guided program utilizing video-based resources and digital booklets was found to be effective in enhancing parents' knowledge, skills, attitude, and assessment of the stoma scale, as evidenced by post-participation results compared to pre-participation. As a result, the author recommends that the training program begin prior to ostomy surgery and continue for as long as the ostomy exists in order to deliver, emotional assistance to the parents, boost knowledge and skills on ostomy care, minimize complications, and promote the adaptation attitude. This is accomplished by incorporating and utilizing technology in educational programs.
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